Anyone who has spent time around babies knows that children have unique personalities almost from birth, but you may not know that even babies’ and toddlers’ personalities are influenced by their Myers-Briggs types. Nurture by Nature by Paul Tieger and Barbara Barron-Tieger is a parenting guide that recognizes that at all ages, a child’s unique Myers-Briggs type influences their behavior and their needs. It is never too early to gain an understanding of your child’s type and tailor your parenting approach to it.
We are each born with one Myers-Briggs type that remains the same throughout life. According to the book, most children’s complete Myers-Briggs type will become identifiable around age three or four, with at least one of the four type dimensions identifiable by age one or two. Usually it’s the dominant function (Sensing, iNtuition, Thinking, or Feeling) that can be seen first. I have definitely found this to be the case, based on what I’ve observed in my 16-month-old daughter and her toddler friends. From the time they were barely crawling infants, aspects of their type have been apparent, and usually become even stronger as they grow.
As a Myers-Briggs enthusiast, I’ve been eager to identify my daughter’s personality type since before she was conceived. But I have to stress that this is not due to a desire to pigeonhole her or control her destiny; rather, I want to understand her natural tendencies so I can help her grow in the direction of her potential. Instead of imposing my interests and desires on her, like forcing her to be rational if she’s a Feeler or encouraging her to focus on solitary activities if she’s an Extrovert, I can help her define and explore her own interests, and encourage her to develop her strengths even if they differ from mine.
The book is split into two parts. Part One gives a detailed introduction of Myers-Briggs and tips to help you identify your child’s type. This section is very comprehensive and would even be a good introduction for adults who are interested in learning about Myers-Briggs and figuring out their own type. These chapters cover the basics of the four dimensions of type, the cognitive functions, Kiersey temperaments, and brief descriptions of each type. You will need to know your own type and that of your child, as well as anyone else in the family, in order to fully utilize this book.
Part Two includes a chapter devoted to each of the 16 types, with detailed information on how that type is usually exhibited in children and how best to approach parenting in a way that will help the child become happy and fulfilled. There are also tips on the most common interpersonal, psychological, and behavior challenges for children of each type, how to approach them, and how to discipline each type effectively. For example, depending on type, some children need the structure of firm household rules, while some will just see rules as challenges to be broken.
Each chapter in Part Two is broken down by age: Pre-school (birth to age 4), School-age (ages 5-10), and Adolescent (ages 11-16). The pre-school sections indeed describe much of my daughter’s current behavior, but I love reading ahead to the sections about older children. My husband and I have always been keen to discuss parenting hypotheticals and how we will respond to possible challenges at each stage of AJ’s life, but this book narrows the speculation and gives a fairly specific view of what challenges to expect at each stage for each child’s personality type. For example, INFPs are prone to problems with low self-esteem and depression during adolescence, while ESTPs tend to struggle with academics and have little interest in preparing for the future.
My daughter AJ has a very strong personality that has been apparent since before she turned one. I’m certain she is either ENFP or INFP. She is very imaginative, likes to explore and constantly experience new things, and gets bored easily. She seldom plays with actual toys and never plays with them the way they are intended to be played with, instead inventing games and experimenting with household objects. She has very strong emotions that change at the drop of a hat, and she gets very upset if scolded even slightly. She’s not very good at learning from past experiences, and she’s not very aware of her physical surroundings. She is very sensitive to the emotions of others, and becomes concerned when anyone else is upset.
According to the book, children need to be taught to develop their primary cognitive function first, because only when the primary function is mature will they be able to develop their other functions. This will be a challenge for me and my husband because the primary function for INFP’s is Feeling, and for ENFP’s it is the secondary function. Feeling is my least mature function and the one I use the least, but it is my job to encourage AJ to use and explore her Feeling function. It will be a big challenge, but I think it will also help me to become a better Feeler myself.
Even while she is still a toddler, this book has made me realize that I need to set AJ up for success by meeting the needs of her type. As an INTP I would prefer to stay home and encourage her to do quiet activities, but I know that she needs to explore different environments, see new sights and people, and experiment with emotions and social interactions. This book has enabled me to see that many of the behaviors that I find frustrating—like her extremely volatile tantrums and her constant need to push the limits—are just part of her natural way of expressing her personality. That has helped me be a more patient parent and have a better attitude about these things.
My own mother was an ISTJ who was constantly pushing me to be more like her, and that caused a lot of resentment. Because I didn’t know about Myers-Briggs until I was an adult, for my entire childhood I thought that she was right and I was abnormal. To me that illustrates why it is so important for parents to understand and affirm their children’s Myers-Briggs types.
There’s a reason why Nurture by Nature is focused on the child’s type instead of the parent’s. A child’s needs are the same regardless of what her parents’ Myers-Briggs types are. All parents have something different to contribute according to their own type, and it’s important for us to consider our own natural strengths and weaknesses. As AJ grows, I want her to learn about my and my husband’s Myers-Briggs types so she can understand why we are the way we are. But the most important thing is for me to understand her and meet her needs. And knowing her Myers-Briggs type helps me to appreciate my daughter more and love her for who she is.